The top 8 most interesting and fascinating lost cities of the world have recently been selected and published by Tourism-Review.com, an international news portal for travel trade professionals. Included in the list are 3 remarkable Peruvian archeological sites, counting the ancient Incan city of Machu Picchu characterized by the website as the worlds’ most famous lost city, followed by the city of Chan Chan located in Northern Peru and described as the largest pre-Colombian city in the Americas.
And last but not least Caral, the first urban settlement in pre-Colombian America. All these selected fascinating ancient cities have throughout the years been the object of much adoration, exploration and investigation making them well worth a visit.
It comes as no surprise that Machu Picchu, one of the greatest and most known ancient cities in the world is mentioned on this list. Although it was known to many Peruvian locals, the citadel was lost to the rest of the world until a United States historian by the name of Hiram Bingham III, discovered it high up in the breathtaking Peruvian mountains in 1911. Since then the site has been object of much popularity due to its well preserved stone ruins, agricultural stone terraces and remarkably advanced sewer and irrigation system which brilliantly depicts the progressive architectural and constructional style of the Incas. Moreover the excavation and exploration of Machu Picchu has contributed immensely to our existing knowledge of the amazing culture and history of the ancient pre-Colombian civilization. Visit the world’s most famous city and enrich yourself with a unique experience that will stay with you for life.
Also appearing on the list is the ancient city of Chan Chan which was once the capital of the Chimu Kingdom, before it was conquered in 1470 by the Incan empire. Constructed around 850 AD, Chan Chan is the largest architectural pre-Colombian city in the Americas and during its glory days it housed more than 30,000 inhabitants. The well-preserved adobe ruins of the city depict a strict hierarchically divided city plan that separates the city into 9 individual units or places. Each division once housed buildings, temples, dwellings, storehouses, reservoirs and funeral platforms, constructed of earthen walls and decorated with panels of abstract motives. Furthermore included in the city construction were 32 monumental compounds and 4 production sectors undertaking the manufacturing of fabric weavings, wood, and metal work. Providing the region with water was the immense irrigation system created via an approximately 80 kilometer long canal providing water from the Moche and Chicama rivers. Furthermore Chan Chan is the largest testimony representing the disappeared Chimu kingdom where 11000 years of cultural evolution have been developed and expressed, making a visit to the city an even greater opportunity to learn about the interesting architecture and culture of the pre-Incan civilization of the Chimu.
Last but not least there is the lost city of Caral located 182 kilometers north of the Peruvian capital Lima. This archeological site was the first pre-ceramic urban settlement in the Americas inhabited by over 3,000 people between 2600 BC and 2000 BC, making the civilization almost as ancient as those in Egypt, Mesopotamia, India, and China. Caral covers more than 65 hectares and features incredible architectural complexes counting the Great Pyramid which is nearly the size of 4 football fields, the Amphitheater Pyramid and the Residential Quarters of the Elite. The city plan of Caral appears to have been the model for urban design of later Andean civilizations for more than 4 millennia. During the excavation of the lost city the archeologists surprisingly did not find any trace of warfare, meaning no weapons and no disfigured bones, which suggest that Caral was a commerce-based culture. What they did find was 32 flutes crafted from condor and pelican bones and 37 cornets made of deer and llama bones. It is believed that these flutes were created to reproduce the sound of the wind blowing over the sand that surrounds the city of Caral. Experience this exact same soothing sound of sand gusting over the beautiful city while you explore the ancient constructions and astonishing pyramids.
Make your Peru Travel an even greater experience and include one or all of the above lost cities to your must-see list of destinations in Peru. Also check out our several Machu Picchu Travel combinations and pick your favorite preferred way to experience the breathtaking ancient citadel of Machu Picchu.
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